This settlement, seen from Mummy Cave Overlook, was occupied to about 1300 AD.
From the Antelope House overlook
From the Junction overlook
Humans have lived in these canyons for 5,000 years. Must have signed a long term lease. They moved away about 700 years ago, probably got tired of the commute up 1,000' walls. The Navajo eventually settled here, and still farm the land in the canyon.
We met several of the local artisans at the various overlooks. And bought these two lovely works painted on stones from the canyon. The artist explained the significance of symbols. In particular, he said that the larger figure is the Kopokelli who farms the land in the canyon. You do not see him depicted outside the reservation.
Well worth a visit.
PS To see a full slideshow of the pics from this trip, including the prior day at the Painted Desert and Petrified Forest, click this link Full slide show